How E-Cigarettes Work


Generally speaking, e-Cigarettes are made up of the same introductory parts – a battery, a heating element or atomizer, a tank element, and a mouthpiece. E-liquid turns to vapor after it undergoes the process of heating through the use of an atomizer. The resulting vapor is then taken in. 

The E-Cigarette Battery

Almost all the e-cigarette batteries are lithium ion and rechargeable. Lithium-ion batteries are generally used, for example, they are used in laptops, electronics, and wireless devices. However, some basic devices are disposable, and once you finish using the device for E-liquid, you dispose of the e-cigarette. Some devices, depending on the type of current you need, use up to four batteries.

Battery capacity is calculated in mAh (milliampere hours). The greater the mAh value, the longer the duration the battery will last after charging it. 


A normal cig-a-like battery will last between 200-300 mAh. Cig-a-likes are the least of e-cigarette. They imitate cigarettes and work automatically when you take it in.

An eGo-style battery will be between 500 to 1200 mAh. These are bigger pen-like devices, are rechargeable and need to be operated through a button by the user. 

A mod battery can stay anywhere in between 700 and 3500 mAh. Mods are the biggest, more powerful box-style power units.

Batteries always have a risk of fire. You should always make use of a case in carrying spare batteries around. If batteries are open in your pocket and they make contact with any other metal object such as keys or coins – they can react and catch fire.

Always make use of the correct charger too. Almost all e-cigarette battery fires are as a result of user ignorance or nonchalant attitude or by making use of incompatible charger. 

Some batteries have the risk of fire if the current drops too low. Endeavor always to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

E-cigarette Coils – How An Atomizer Work

The atomizer is a part of an e-cigarette that transforms the e-liquid into vapor. It’s the unit that stores the coil – the metal wire that heats up when the power from the battery is passed through it. Normally, there is a wicking tool running through the coil, which is concentrated with e-liquid. The wick flows e-liquid to the coil.

Coils will need to be substituted and prior coils built are available, but some vapers love to create their own.

Some vapers love to drop the e-liquid straight onto the coil, instead of it to draw up through the wick from the tank component. E-liquid is located directly onto the coil and wick material, and when the battery is running, the vapor is created. One reward of dripping is the increased flavor. Atomizers that prefer this are referred to as RDA – Rebuildable Dripping Atomizers. You can purchase your coil material and design your coil/wick set-up based on your orientations. Several coil material produces different electric resistance from the battery and more or less heat and cloud.

E-cigarette Tank Element - Cartridges, Cartomizers, and Clearomizers

Your e-liquid needs a place for it to be kept. Depending on the kind of e-cigarette you possess, it will have a tank component known as a cartridge, cartomizer or clearomiser.

They all basically fulfill the same role - to keep e-liquid and channel it to the coil.

    • Cartridge

Normally found in a basic cig-alike tool, the cartridge slots onto the atomizer and channel the e-liquid to the heating component. Once it’s empty, you insert a new cartridge in its place. The timeline of the atomizer fluctuates and depends on building quality and usage, but users will normally get between 5 and 20 cartridge modifications before the atomizer is spent.

    • Cartomizer

A cartomizer is the same but contains a polyfill material enclosed around the heating component. The e-liquid is dripped into the polyfill and is easily refilled, but past flavors can hang around. It aids in extending the lifespan of the e-liquid, and some cartomizer is stored inside big tanks capable of storing a high mass of e-liquid.

    • Clearomizer

A clearomizer is an atomizer holding e-liquid inside a container, which is sent to the coil through the wick. To a lot of users, it is simply known as the ‘tank.’  They are called clearomizer because they are made with a see-through plastic or glass material where you can see vividly how much e-liquid is available.